Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control Systems

The enabler for smarter grids (Energy Engineering)

Alfredo Vaccaro and Ahmed Faheem Zobaa (editors)

First Edition

Hardcover: 200 pages

Published by IET, Power and Energy Series 73

ISBN-13: 978-1849198301

ISBN-10: 1849198306

First Edition
by Alfredo Vaccaro and Ahmed Faheem Zobaa (editors)

The changes in the modern electric power systems caused by the widespread installation of distributed energy resources of different types and sizes are leading to significant challenges to the reliability and security of the grid. The traditional methods for energy management based on RTU based SCADA systems and steady-state estimation are not suitable for the new dynamically changing environment. Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control Systems (WAMPACS) are a new tool available to us to help as solve the different challenges and to make the electric power grid smarter.
This 200 pages hardcover book is edited by Alfredo Vaccaro who is an Associate Professor of Electrical Power Systems at the Department of Engineering of the University of Sannio, Benevento, Italy and Ahmed Faheem Zobaa who is a Senior Lecturer in electrical and power engineering, an MSc Course Director and a Full Member of the Institute of Energy Futures at Brunel University London, UK. He is also an Executive Editor for the International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology and Editor-in-Chief for Technology and Economics of Smart Grids and Sustainable Energy, and International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education.
The content of the book is divided in six chapters, each written by different authors, predominantly academics from universities from various parts of the world.

The first chapter of the book introduces wide area measurement systems (WAMS) as the enabler for smarter transmission grids. The material covers the definition and constitutive sub-processes, such as the data resources and communication systems, applications/functionalities. An example of the Italian WAMS architecture and functionalities is also included, followed by WAMS data classification and the preprocessing synchronized phasor measurement data for power system analyses.
Chapter 2 focuses on reliability-based substation monitoring systems placement including their system components, such as branch PMUs, the impact of the substation configuration and communication system. The substation monitoring system (SMS) reliability is analyzed from the point of view of the failure probability of voltage and current measurements. Reliability-based SMS placement is also considered with examples using different IEEE system models.

System integrity protection schemes (SIPS) based on PMU technology are described in Chapter 3. The concept of a Smart transmission grid and its requirements are introduced, followed by discussions on wide area disturbances, SIPS design and architecture. Data protocols, monitoring and testing functions are later described.
Chapter 4 introduces new methodologies for large-scale power system dynamic analysis. A dynamic system model and necessary conditions for dynamic voltage stability (DVS) equilibrium tracing and other methods are described, followed by small and large scale real world examples.

A fuzzy-based data mining paradigm for on-line optimal power flow analysis is the focus of Chapter 5. The problem formulation and the proposed approach lead to an offline stage, online stage and simulation results.
Chapter 6 raises some issues related to false data injection attacks(FDIAs), and countermeasures for wide area measurement system. The impact of FDIAs on state estimation is investigated through the analysis of the tradeoff between attack magnitude and the attack error.
Each chapter includes at the end a considerable number of references, making the book a valuable resource for all PAC specialists with interest in WAMPACS.

BeijingSifang June 2016