Android - Mobile operating system by GOOGLE

3 Android - Mobile operating system by GOOGLE

Android is another operating system developed by Google to enable software developers to create applications that take full advantage of the capabilities of different mobile devices. It is built on the open Linux Kernel and utilizes a custom virtual machine that was designed to optimize memory and hardware resources in a mobile environment. Android is a true open source that can be extended to incorporate new cutting edge technologies when they become available.

Android does not differentiate between the device's core applications and third-party applications. They can all be built to have equal access to a phone's capabilities providing users with a broad spectrum of applications and services. With devices built on the Android Platform, users are able to fully adapt the phone to their needs. They can customize it appearance and behavior and select which applications will be used to perform specific tasks.

Android provides access to a wide range of useful libraries and tools that can be used to build rich applications. For example, Android enables developers to obtain the location of the device, and allows devices to communicate with one another enabling rich peer-to-peer social or other applications. In addition, Android includes a full set of tools that have been built from the ground up alongside the platform, providing developers with high productivity and deep insight into their applications.

The Android platform consists of several projects already in progress which can be divided into three categories:

  • Core projects:  These projects make up the foundation of the Android platform
  • External projects:  The Android Open Source Project makes use of many other open source projects
  • Packages:  These projects are standard Android applications and services

The Android SDK has the tools, sample code, and documents developers need to create applications. It can be downloaded from

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