Final Thoughts

We live in a world of digitalization and mobility that is continuously evolving to meet the ever-expanding requirements of many different applications requiring high speed and reliable communications.

This future of wireless is being defined by hundreds of contributing scientists and engineers working on the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). It will be enabled through the LTE-Advanced and 5G specifications evolving from the success of the wireless industry working in recent years on the Long-Term Evolution (LTE). It provides the foundation for 5G to dramatically increase capacity and throughput speeds, decrease latency, and increase reliability.

5G will not replace LTE - the two technologies will be tightly integrated and co-exist through at least the late-2020s. Early deployments based on the recently completed first-phase 5G standard, emphasizing enhanced mobile broadband, are already starting. The first 5G smartphones are on their way and adoption will accelerate in 2019, when the 5G-capable smartphones will be available from several operators.

5G is starting with fixed wireless access trials in densely populated areas such as Texas, California, and New York. It will rely heavily on concurrent connections to 4G LTE to ensure continuous coverage when outside 5G areas.
The complete 5G standard, which adds support for items such as Industrial IoT, Integrated Access and Backhaul (IAB), and unlicensed spectrum, will become available in early 2020. Just as LTE continued to evolve throughout this decade, engineers will continue to enhance 5G.

5G is being designed to integrate with LTE, providing operators considerable flexibility in how they roll out 5G.
And it will not take very long to see it somehow in the electric power grid.

BeijingSifang June 2016